Learning disability refers to a set of problem which affects how the brain perceives, interpret and process the information. These problems can make it difficult for the affected person to learn as fast as someone else who is unaffected by learning disabilities. Some learning disability affects a person’s ability to concentrate while others affect the ability to read, write, speak or solve logical problems.
While the term “learning disability” can sound very scary and debilitating, it is important to note that this has nothing to do with a person’s intelligence level and innate talent. Famous people such as Albert Einstein, Winston Churchill and Tomas Edison are all known to have some form of learning disabilities.
Most learning disabilities fall into one of two categories: verbal and nonverbal.
The most common and best-known verbal learning disability is dyslexia, which causes people to have trouble recognizing or processing letters and the sounds associated with them. This can cause all sort of problems such as difficulty in reading (slow reading, continued mispronunciation of certain words, lack of reading comprehension, etc) and difficulty in spelling (writing the letters of the word in the wrong sequence, confusing some letters for others, etc).
For non-verbal disability, the person might have problems with motor (coordination, balancing, etc), visual-spatial (recognition of visual details, image recall, etc) and social skills. For example: they might not be able to follow directions, confusing a symbol for another, continuous being misunderstood by others, etc.
Very often, once the person is able to cope with his learning disabilities, they would rapidly catch up with their peers in performance – or perhaps even surpass them.
The first step in diagnosing a learning disability is to first rule out any vision or hearing problems after which they should undergo specific test to help identify their respective learning disabilities.
By Desmond Bennett
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